عقلیت پسند سید جمال الدین افغانی: اسلامی سوشل ازم کی حمایت
Keywords:Sayyid Jamaluddin Afghani, Muhammad Abduh, religious social morality
This article aims at highlighting Sayyid Jamaluddin Al-Afghai’s ideology that Islam and its revealed law were compatible with rationality and, thus, Muslims could become politically unified while still maintaining their faith based on religious social morality. These beliefs had a profound effect on Muhammad Abduh, who went on to expand on the notion of using rationality in the human relations aspect of Islam. Afghani emphasis on Ijtihad and his criticism to stagnation orthodoxy opened new vistas of knowledge and learning for a novel and dynamic Islam and not in contradiction with science and modern knowledge. He tried to blend together conservatism and modernism, nationalism with Pan-Islamism and provided a broad intellectual framework for redefining the relationship between Islam and the changing world. Among the reasons why Al-Afghani was thought to have had a less than deep religious faith was his lack of interest in finding theologically common ground between Shia and Sunni despite the fact that he was very interested in political unity between the two groups.