Dr. Sajida Sultan Alvi is Professor Emeritus of Indo-Islamic History at the Institute of Islamic Studies , Macgill University ,Montreal ,Canada .She has many research oriented publications and articles at her credit. She started the research project: ” Development of Chisti Sufi order in the punjab during 18th and 19th century (from 1760-1850) in 2004.She asked me to assist her in this project in September 2004.I assisted her for nine years and four months (September 2004 to December 2013).This project covers Khwajah Nur Muhammad Maharwi (d 1205/1790) and his four major ‘khulafa’.Kh Nur Muhammad Narowala(d 1203/1789).Hafiz Muhammad Jamal Multani (d 1126/1811),Qazi Muhammad Aqil (d 1229/1814),and Khwaja Muhammad Sulayman Taunsawi (d 1266/1850).Khwaja Muhammad Maharwi was prominent disciple (khalifa) of Khwajah Fakhr ud din Dehlawi (d 1199/1785).This article discusses the free kitchen ‘langar’ that is favourite institution in the different orders of Sufism in South Asia. I have discussed this ‘langar’ institution in the article covering Kh Maharwi and his four major khulafa.In fact this will be chapter of our book in urdu on the project mentioned above .The notes of this article were prepared under the guidance of Dr Sajida S Alvi during the period of assistance .Now I have written this article under the light of these notes.
The article examines the Indian identities which have their own distinct history and geographical values and theories developed in the Western societies and cultures don’t help in the understanding of Asian and Indian identities.The article primarily focuses social landscape of India but it cites some of the very relevant examples of Urdu poetry. The article writer goes on to say that the best specimen of ghazal’s identity-less culture is the poetry of Mir Taqi Mir. On the other hand, the article writer points out that during the last 65 years Indian culture has changed into a culture of political / electoral identities.The article explains the identities clustered under these major categories such as gender, culture, language, ethnicity and ideology. The article briefs Muslims religious identities and their sub-identities.